Top CHRONIC Childhood ILLNESSES
RANKED By COUNTRY


United States

  1. Asthma (9 million children suffer from asthma)
  2. Diabetes (200,000 children live with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes |13,000 children are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes annually)
  3. Autism Spectrum Disorder
  4. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  5. Mood disorders (depression and bipolar disorder)
  6. Allergies and chronic respiratory diseases - other than asthma (It is reported that up to 8% of American children younger than 18 years receive diagnoses of food allergies.)
  7. Anxiety disorders
  8. Cerebral palsy
  9. Vision problems and blindness
  10. Migraine
  11. Sickle Cell Disease (72,000 live with sickle cell disease)
  12. Hay fever or respiratory allergy
  13. Chronic diseases of the esophagus
  14. Cystic Fibrosis
  15. Chronic Kidney Disease
  16. Chronic Liver Disease
  17. Congenital Heart Disease
  18. Cancer
  19. Epilepsy
  20. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  21. AIDS (UNICEF’s efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV have made significant progress)
  22. Tooth and jaw problems
  23. Learning and language disorders
  24. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)
  25. Spina bifida


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United Kingdom

  1. Diabetes (Approximately 400,000 people are currently living with type 1 diabetes in the UK, with over 29,000 of them children)
  2. Asthma (5.4 million people in the UK are currently receiving treatment for asthma: 1.1 million children (1 in 11) )
  3. Arthritis (8- 10 million people in the UK suffer from arthritis including 15,000 children)
  4. Epilepsy (Number of emergency hospital admissions for epilepsy for children and young people under 19 years of age)
  5. Allergies (In the UK, it is estimated that 5-8% of children have a food allergy)
  6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  7. Obesity (WHO Europe said the food industry increasingly uses cheap new marketing channels such as social media and smart phone apps to target children)
  8. Emphysema (In 2012, there were 2,435 deaths in children aged 0−14 years. Of these, only 262 were due to lung diseases and 102 to cardiovascular disease)
  9. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (It’s thought that around 2% to 5% of school-aged children may have ADHD)
  10. Coronary Heart Disease (Children may also require a heart transplant to treat congenital heart diseases.)
  11. Stroke (There are over 400 childhood strokes a year in the UK)
  12. Chronic Bronchitis 
  13. Cerebral Palsy (There are an estimated 30,000 children with cerebral palsy in the UK)
  14. AIDS (In 2015, 23 children were newly diagnosed with HIV – down from 131 in 2005.)
  15. Cancer (Childhood cancer is rare – around 1,600 new cases are diagnosed every year in the UK -in children aged 0 to 14 year.) 
  16. Congenital Heart Disease (One of the most common types of birth defect, affecting up to 9 in every 1,000 babies born in the UK)
  17. Sickle Cell Disease
  18. Chronic Kidney Disease
  19. Congenital Heart Disease
  20. Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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